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Surgical Innovations

Surgical Innovations

SSIM’s multidisciplinary systems approach is the basis of its success, and has helped forge its quickly growing national and international reputation.

Here, surgeons in the Department of Surgery work alongside experienced and innovative electrical, computer, biomedical, mechanical, and chemical engineers, as well as physicists, chemists, and biologists and dozens of creative and talented scientists from industry, government labs, medical facilities including the Detroit Medical Center (DMC) and Henry Ford Health Systems (HFHS), and other institutions of higher learning.

This unusually broad collaboration allows the program to perform all stages of project development from the fundamentals to application, or, as SSIM researchers like to say, “from atoms to man.”

"Shadow Hand" for Robotic Surgery Gives the Surgeon Haptic Feedback and Control

Development of a novel hand controller with force feedback via a shape memory alloy that actuates by electrical current. This adds a sense of touch to the wireless hand control. The device attaches to the fingertips and inertial measurement unit devices translate the surgeon’s hand motion to a robotic surgical end effector.

Automated Hepatic Blood Pressure Regulator for Liver Transplant

This device has been designed an simulated to regulate blood flow automatically to a transplanted liver lobe. This will allow the use of living donor small lobe transplant instead of the use of deceased donor livers, which are in short supply.

Surgical catheter and stent lifespan determination (chemical and contamination change determination after expiration date)

This program investigates the chemical and contamination of expired catheters and stents to determine if they are still viable after expiration.

Future OR Design Initiative with Dassault Systèmes

A consortium of private companies, and SSIM propose to design the OR of the future with advanced diagnostics such as 3D holographic ultrasound, Raman spectroscopy, low field MRI and human factors workflow.

Viscoelastic Properties of the Scalp for Reconstructive Surgery

This is the first comprehensive study to analyze the viscoelastic and biomechanical properties of the different anatomic regions of the scalp in two orientations and correlate them to characteristics such as age and gender. Stress is defined as force per unit area, whereas strain is defined as change in length from the original length.

Viscoelastic properties studied here were stress relaxation (SR), the decrease in stress over time while strain is held constant, and creep (C), the change in strain while stress is held constant. The quantifiable characteristic measured by both SR and C testing is Young’s Modulus (ESR or EC), is defined as the stress divided by strain. For both SR and C testing, the stress and strain rates used are much lower than the ultimate failure conditions.

Characterization of Adipose Tissue from Bariatric Surgery Patients Using Raman Spectroscopy as a Potential Risk Indicator for Diabetes

It is estimated that 97 million adults in the US are overweight or obese, making them at-risk for developing metabolic syndrome, with symptoms of hypertension, increased blood sugar, high cholesterol, and body fat around the waist. Risk is also high for developing diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. However, it is unknown which obese patients will develop diabetes and other conditions and which patients will not.

Raman spectroscopy is a non-destructive technique which provides the molecular signature of a tissue sample. The goal of this work was to determine if molecular markers for diabetes (as defined by A1c levels), hypertension, and high cholesterol can be identified using Raman spectroscopy. This is joint with Michael Wood, MD.

Biphasic Release of VEGF/BMP peptides from Nanofiber-reinforced Polyphosphate Bioceramics for the Repair of Bone Defects.

Research on bone repair and drug delivery implants for orthopedics.

Contact Us

Smart Sensors and Integrated Microsystems (SSIM) Program
Wayne State University
College of Engineering Room 3172
5050 Anthony Wayne Drive
Detroit, MI 48202
Ph: 313-577-1306
Fax: 313-577-1101