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Surgical Residency Goals & Objectives

  • General Surgery Residency Program

    Goals and Objectives

    2014-2015

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

     
    Overall Educational Goals for the Program
    Harper A Rotation – Oncology Surgery  (aka Harper A)
    Harper Thoracic Rotation (aka Harper Thoracic)
    Breast Oncology Rotation – Harper University Hospital (aka Breast)
    Harper B Rotation – Vascular Surgery (aka Harper B)
    Harper C Rotation – General Surgery (aka Harper C)
    Harper D Rotation – Minimally Invasive Surgery (aka Harper D)
    Transplant Surgery Rotation – Harper University Hospital (aka Transplant)
    Harper University Hospital Surgery Intensive Care Unit (aka SICU)
    Detroit Receiving Hospital – Gold Service (aka DRH Gold)
    Detroit Receiving Hospital – Blue Division (aka DRH Blue)
    Detroit Receiving Hospital – Green Service (aka DRH Green)
    Detroit Receiving Hospital – Burns Rotation (aka DRH Burns)
    Detroit Receiving Hospital – Endoscopy Rotation (aka Endoscopy)
    Detroit Receiving Hospital – Plastic Surgery (aka Plastic Surgery)
    Detroit Receiving Hospital – Urology Rotation (aka Urology)
    Orthopedic Rotation – Detroit Receiving Hospital (aka Ortho)
    Veterans Administration Hospital – Division 1- Thoracic & Vascular Rotation (aka VA I)
    Veterans Administration Hospital – Division 2- General Surgery Rotation (aka VA II)
    Children’s Hospital of Michigan – Pediatric Surgery (aka Pediatric Surgery)
    Sinai Grace Hospital – General Surgery (aka Sinai-Grace)
    Huron Valley-Sinai Grace Hospital – General Surgery (aka HVH)
    Resident Research Rotation

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    General Surgery Residency Program

    Overall Educational Goals for the Program

    Academic Year: 2014-2015
    Program Director: James G. Tyburski, M.D.A  
    Residents: PGY 1 – 5

      • DOWNLOAD GENERAL SURGERY PROGRAM GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2014-2015.doc

    Practice Domain: Care for Diseases and Conditions
    MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE (MK1)

    GOAL:  The resident will demonstrate knowledge of established and evolving biomedical, clinical, epidemiological and social/behavioral sciences. The resident will demonstrate significant knowledge about many “BROAD” diseases in the SCORE curriculum and a basic knowledge of the “FOCUSED” diseases in the SCORE curriculum. The resident will demonstrate the application of this knowledge to the care of general surgical patients by making diagnoses and initiating appropriate initial management.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Describe the pathophysiology applied to surgical diseases
        • Demonstrate knowledge of normal and distributed physiology causing surgical diseases
        • Apply physiological knowledge to the clinical management of surgical diseases
        • Apply investigatory, analytical, and evidence-based approaches to clinical decision making
        • Demonstrate a basic understanding of the symptoms, signs and treatments of many of the “BROAD” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Demonstrate basic knowledge about common surgical conditions to which a medical student would be exposed in clerkship.
        • Complete the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination once a year
        • Complete online modules in SCORE Curriculum as assigned
        • Complete readings in SCORE Curriculum on line for rotations
        • Attend required weekly Department of Surgery Morbidity and Mortality Conference and Grand Rounds.

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Formulate diagnostic treatment plans with thorough understanding of the basic science principles applicable to surgery
        • Read, understand and analyze classic articles on surgical cases
        • Understand the pathophysiology  applied to surgical diseases
        • Understand the concepts of complex wound care
        • Demonstrate knowledge of normal and distributed physiology causing surgical diseases
        • Apply physiological knowledge to the clinical and operative management of surgical diseases
        • Apply investigatory, analytical, and evidence-based approaches to clinical decision making
        • Demonstrate basic knowledge about many of the “BROAD” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Demonstrate this knowledge by making diagnoses and recommending appropriate initial management of many of the “BROAD” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Begin to recognize variations in the presentation of common surgical conditions.
        • Complete the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination once a year
        • Complete online modules in SCORE Curriculum as assigned
        • Attend required weekly Department of Surgery Morbidity and Mortality Conference and Grand Rounds.
        • Formulate research project plan and submit documentation (see Handbook) to program coordinator.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Demonstrate an understanding of the anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology and presentations of diseases of the abdominal cavity and pelvis
        • Demonstrate an understanding of the physiology of wound healing
        • Demonstrate knowledge of the principles associated with the diagnosis and management of critically ill patients including multiple organ system normalities and abnormalities
        • Systematically read and analyze basic surgical literature

    Practice Domain:  Care for Diseases and Conditions

    MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE (MK1) (cont.)

        • Demonstrate knowledge about many of the “BROAD” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum by making diagnoses and recommending appropriate initial management.
        • Recognize variations in the presentation of common surgical conditions.
        • Begin to demonstrate basic knowledge of the “FOCUSED” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Conduct in depth reading on surgical cases
        • Complete course work and testing to obtain Basic and Advanced Cardiac Life Support and Advanced Trauma Life Support certification
        • Complete the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination once a year
        • Complete online modules in SCORE Curriculum as assigned
        • Attend and actively participate in the Critical Care Didactic Reading Program
        • Carry out work on Research Project toward completion by end of residency.
        • Attend required weekly Department of Surgery Morbidity and Mortality Conference and Grand Rounds.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Demonstrate competence in treating surgical diseases with a thorough understanding of  pathophysiology
        • Complete the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination once a year
        • Complete online modules in SCORE Curriculum as assigned
        • Attend required weekly Department of Surgery Morbidity and Mortality Conference and Grand Rounds and make presentations.
        • Demonstrate medical knowledge and clinical perspectives at conferences by making presentations at conferences
        • Carry out work on Research Project toward completion by end of residency.
        • Participate in mock orals with SEMCME
        • Demonstrate an understanding of the physiology of wound healing
        • Demonstrate knowledge of the principles associated with the diagnosis and management of critically ill patients including multiple organ system normalities and abnormalities
        • Systematically read and analyze basic surgical literature
        • Demonstrate significant knowledge about many of the “BROAD” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum by making diagnoses and initiating appropriate initial management.
        • Demonstrate basic knowledge of the “FOCUSED” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum.

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Master basic science, critical care principles, anatomy, and pathophysiology of surgical diseases.
        • Demonstrate a thorough understanding of surgical pathophysiology in order to achieve optimal chance of recovery for the patient with minimal morbidity
        • Demonstrate evidence of medical knowledge and clinical perspectives by conducting presentations  at conferences
        • Systematically read and analyze basic surgical literature
        • Demonstrate comprehensive knowledge about the varying patterns of presentation and alternative and adjuvant treatments for many of the “BROAD” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum by making diagnoses and initiating appropriate management.
        • Diagnose and provide initial care for the “FOCUSED” diseases in the SCORE Curriculum
        • Complete American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination
        • Complete Mock Orals given by Department of Surgery and SEMCME once a year
        • Complete online modules in SCORE Curriculum as assigned
        • Attend required weekly Department of Surgery Morbidity and Mortality Conference and Grand Rounds and make presentations.
        • Carry out work on Research Project toward completion by end of residency.

    Practice Domain:  Performance of Operations and Procedures

    MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE (MK2)

    GOAL:  The resident will demonstrate knowledge of established and evolving biomedical, clinical, epidemiological and social/behavioral sciences.  The resident will develop knowledge of the operative steps, peri-operative care and post-operative complications for most of the “ESSENTIAL” operations in the SCORE Curriculum and a basic knowledge of some of the “COMPLEX” operations.  The resident will demonstrate the application of this knowledge in the care of general surgical patients.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Apply physiological knowledge to the operative management of surgical diseases
        • Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the “ESSENTIAL-COMMON” surgical operations in the SCORE Curriculum to which a medical student would be exposed in clerkship.
        • Begin to understand the operative steps, peri-operative care and post-operative complications for manyof the “ESSENTIAL” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Complete assignments in the Surgical Skills Lab (SSL)
        • Complete online modules in SCORE Curriculum as assigned
        • Complete readings in SCORE Curriculum on line for rotations

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Apply physiological knowledge to the clinical and operative management of surgical diseases
        • Understand the concepts of complex wound care
        • Demonstrate basic knowledge of the operative steps, peri-operative care and post-operative complications for many of the “ESSENTIAL” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Complete online modules in SCORE Curriculum as assigned
        • Begin to develop exposure to some of the “COMPLEX” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Acquire a thorough understanding of abdominal procedures
        • Apply knowledge of anatomy  to the diagnosis and treatment of patients, both in and out of the operating room
        • Read an entire text related to critical care surgery: ACS Surgery, Principles and Practice.
        • Attend and actively participate in the Surgical Anatomy Cadaver Course
        • Demonstrate basic knowledge of the operative steps, peri-operative care and post-operative complications for many of the “ESSENTIAL” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Begin to develop basic knowledge of some of the “COMPLEX” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Define and describe the anatomic aspects of even the most complex general surgical operations (abdominoperineal aneurysm, Whipple procedure, pneumonectomy, liver resections, etc.)
        • Apply knowledge of anatomy to the diagnosis and treatment of patients, both in and out of the operating room.
        • Conduct in depth reading on surgical cases
        • Understand the “limits” of surgical treatment
        • Demonstrate significant knowledge of the operative steps, peri-operative care and post-operative complications for most of the “ESSENTIAL” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Demonstrate basic knowledge of some of the “COMPLEX” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Master operative strategies and procedures
        • Complete Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) and other American Board of Surgery Requirements for Board eligibility
        • Demonstrate comprehensive knowledge of the operative steps, peri-operative care and post-operative complications for most of the “ESSENTIAL” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Demonstrate basic knowledge of many of the “COMPLEX” operations in the SCORE Curriculum.

    Practice Domain:  Care for Diseases and Conditions

    PATIENT CARE (PC1)

    GOAL:  The resident will provide patient care that is compassionate, appropriate and effective for the treatment of most “BROAD” conditions in the SCORE Curriculum and some “FOCUSED” conditions in the surgical patient.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Acquire self-confidence and the ability to develop differential diagnoses and managementplans through history and physical examination
        • Begin to develop the ability to diagnose some “BROAD” surgical conditions in the SCORE curriculum and recommend initial management for some.
        • Demonstrate the ability to perform a focused, efficient, and accurate initial history and physical of a full spectrum of patients admitted to the hospital (including critically-ill patients).

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Demonstrate responsibility for overall patient care.
        • Demonstrate proficiency in emergency room diagnosis and treatment for surgical diseases, including mastery of acute abdominal evaluation
        • Be adept at patient care including pain management; demonstrate proficiency at triage.
        • Demonstrate the ability to diagnose many “BROAD” surgical conditions in the SCORE Curriculum and initiate appropriate management for some.
        • Begin to develop the ability to accurately diagnose some of the “FOCUSED” surgical conditions and make recommendations for initial treatment for many BROAD conditions in the SCORE Curriculum.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Perform overall evaluation and management of surgical patients
        • Demonstrate the ability to diagnose many “BROAD” surgical conditions in the SCORE Curriculum and initiate appropriate management for some common “BROAD” conditions.
        • Develop the ability to accurately diagnose some of the “FOCUSED” surgical conditions and initiate treatment for many BROAD conditions in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Demonstrate the ability to develop diagnostic plans and implement initial care for patients seen in the Emergency Department.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Demonstrate independence in the evaluation and management of all aspects of patient care including pain management
        • Understand the social and economic needs of patients; demonstrate good understanding of ethical dilemmas
        • Accurately diagnose most “BROAD” conditions in the SCORE curriculum and some “FOCUSED” conditions.
        • Initiate appropriate management for most “BROAD” surgical conditions independently.
        • Recognize atypical presentations of many “BROAD” surgical conditions.

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Understand surgical pathophysiology and therapeutic support systems in order to achieve optimal recovery for the patient with limited morbidity.
        • Demonstrate independence in the evaluation and management of all aspects of patient care including pain management
        • Demonstrate the ability to lead a team that cares for patients with common and complex conditions.
        • Delegate appropriate clinical tasks to other healthcare team members
        • Recognize atypical presentations for most “BROAD” surgical conditions

    Practice Domain:  Care for Diseases and Conditions

    PATIENT CARE (PC2)

    GOAL:  The residentwill develop the ability to manage common post-operative problems and the ability to recognize and manage complex post-operative problems (sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome and multiple system organ failure) independently

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Perform pre- and post-operative care of patients including pain management, with the basic understanding of pathophysiology as applied to surgical diseases.
        • Demonstrate initial management of life threatening surgical illnesses and be adept at resuscitation.
        • Begin to develop the ability to recognize and manage common post-operative problems.

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Formulate diagnostic and treatment plans applicable to surgery
        • Recognize and manage common post-operative issues (hypotension, hypoxia, confusion and oliguria) with the assistance of senior residents or staff members.
        • Begin to develop the ability to recognize and manage complex post-operative problems (sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome and multiple system organ failure with the assistance of senior residents or faculty.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Be able to outline pre-, intra- and post-operative treatment plans in detail including pain management
        • Demonstrate a thorough understanding of operative indications and contraindications
        • Recognize and manage common post-operative problems (hypotension, hypoxia, confusion and oliguria, independently.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Recognize the “limits” of surgical treatment and begin to develop the skills necessary to manage complex post-operative problems such as sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome and multiple system organ failure, independently.
        • Manage overall ward care of patients and demonstrate progressive supervisory role for junior residents.

    PGY 5 Residents

        • Demonstrate the ability to lead a team and provide supervision in the evaluation and management of complex post-operative problems such as sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome and multiple system organ failure.

    Practice Domain:  Performance of Operations and Procedures

    PATIENT CARE (PC3)

    GOAL:  The resident will develop proficiency in surgical skills, efficiency of motion during procedures, and intra-operative decision-making skills for the “ESSENTIAL-COMMON” procedures/operations in the SCORE Curriculum and will gain experience in the “COMPLEX” operations without the need for coaching during procedures.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Understand the principles involved in operations, handling of tissues, dissection of tissues planes, suture-ligature techniques and master “simple” operative procedures
        • Master techniques of using and placing nasogastric tubes, urinary catheters, IVs, central venous lines, arterial lines, and standard aseptic techniques
        • Demonstrate good judgment, safety, and effective technical skills in operative cases
        • Demonstrate basic surgical skills (airway management, knot tying, simple suturing, suture removal, Doppler ultrasound, administration of local anesthetic, universal precautions and aseptic technique).
        • Demonstrate the ability to reliably perform basic procedures (venipuncture, arterial puncture, incision and drainage, minor skin excisions, IV placement, nasogastric tube, urinary catheter).
        • Demonstrate the ability to perform basic operative steps in the “ESSENTIAL-COMMON” operations/procedures in the SCORE Curriculum.
        • Begin to develop respect for tissue and skill in instrument handling.
        • Complete tasks for Surgical Skills Lab assignments.

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Continue to develop operative skills
        • Understand complex operative procedures; fine tune operative skills
        • Perform independently the placement of Hickman catheters, Swan Ganz catheters, and chest tubes; conduct advanced CPR, and place TPN ventilators for routine ICU patients.
        • Demonstrate good judgment, safety, and effective technical skills in operative cases
        • Develop skills in instrument handling.
        • Demonstrate respect for tissue and continue to develop skill in instrument handling.
        • Begin to develop the ability to move through portions of common operations without coaching.
        • Begin developing the ability to make straightforward intra-operative decisions.
        • Develop the ability to perform some of the “ESSENTIAL” operations in the SCORE curriculum with minimal assistance.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Be adept at endoscopic procedures and surgical intensive care
        • Perform complex operative procedures and acquire a thorough understanding of abdominal surgery
        • Demonstrate good judgment, safety, and effective technical skills in operative cases
        • Demonstrate the ability to move through portions of “ESSENTIAL” operations without coaching.
        • Demonstrate the ability to make straightforward intra-operative decisions.
        • Perform some of the “ESSENTIAL” operations in the SCORE Curriculum with minimal assistance.
        • Continue to develop skill in instrument handling and begin to exhibit efficiency of motion during procedures.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Be proficient at treating surgical diseases and handling standard operative procedures with a thorough understanding of surgical pathophysiology
        • Demonstrate good judgment, safety, and effective technical skills in operative cases.
        • Demonstrate proficiency in the handling of most instruments and exhibit efficiency of motion during procedures.
        • Move through the steps of most “ESSENTIAL” operations without much coaching and demonstrate the ability to make intra-operative decisions.
        • Demonstrate the ability to perform many of the “ESSENTIAL” operations and gain experience in the “COMPLEX” operations.

    Practice Domain:  Performance of Operations and Procedures

    PATIENT CARE (PC3) (cont.)

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Perform difficult surgical procedures; Continue to fine tune surgical skills both in and out of the operating room
        • Perform non-standard, or counter example cases; consider exceptions
        • Demonstrate good judgment, safety, and effective technical skills in operative cases
        • Demonstrate proficiency in the use of instruments and equipment required for “ESSENTIAL” operations.
        • Demonstrate the ability to guide the conduct of most operations and make independent intra-operative decisions.
        • Demonstrate the ability to perform all of the “ESSENTIAL” operations and demonstrate significant experience in the “COMPLEX” operations.
        • Effectively guide other residents in the “ESSENTIAL-COMMON” operations.

    Practice Domain:   Care For Diseases and Conditions

    INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS (ICS1)

    GOAL:  The resident will demonstrate interpersonal and communication skills that result in effective exchange of information and collaboration with patients, their families, and health professionals.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Listen to patients and their families
        • Gather essential information from patients; document patient encounters accurately and completely
        • Demonstrate effective communication strategies to interact with patients, families, and the public from diverse socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds
        • Provide therapeutic relationships with patients using effective listening skills and candid feedback
        • Educate patients and families about the pre-and post-operative care of the surgical patient
        • Demonstrate effective interpersonal skills with patients, their families, and health professionals
        • Manage the patient’s confidential information and medical records according to HIPAA standards.
        • Demonstrate a variety of techniques to ensure that communications with patients and their families is understandable and respectful.

    PGY 2 Residents: 

        • Gather essential information from patients; document patient encounters accurately and completely
        • Provide therapeutic relationships with patients using effective listening skills and candid feedback
        • Educate patients and their families  about the  pre- and post-operative care of  the surgical patient
        • Interact cooperatively with patients, families, nurses, and other healthcare professionals  to achieve the health-related goalsof the patient
        • Manage the patient’s confidential information and medical records according to HIPAA standards.
        • Demonstrate the ability to customize communication with patients and families by taking into account patient characteristics (e.g., age, literacy, cognitive disabilities, culture).
        • Provide timely updates to patients and their families during hospitalizations and clinic visits.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Interact cooperatively with patients, families, nurses, and other healthcare professionals  to achieve the health-related goals of the patient
        • Provide essential information from patients; document patient encounters accurately and completely
        • Provide therapeutic relationships with patients using effective listening skills and candid feedback
        • Educate patients and their families about their pre- and post-operative care
        • Manage the patient’s confidential information and medical records according to HIPAA standards.
        • Provide timely updates to patients and their families during hospitalizations and clinic visits.
        • Develop communication strategies to effectively interact with crucially ill patients and their families.
        • Demonstrate sensitivity when delivering bad news to patients and their families.

    Practice Domain:   Care For Diseases and Conditions

    INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS (ICS1) (cont.)

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Be highly proficient in interacting with patients, families, nurses, and other healthcare professionals  to achieve the  health-related goals of the patient
        • Develop therapeutic relationships with patients using effective listening skills and candid feedback
        • Educate patients and their families about their pre- and post-operative care
        • Gather essential information from patients; document encounters accurately and completely
        • Manage the patient’s confidential information and medical records according to HIPAA standards.
        • Communicate effective treatment plans with patients.
        • Develop the ability to negotiate and manage conflict with patients and their families
        • Apply grief counseling methods in calming the grieving relative.

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Be highly proficient in interacting with patients, families, nurses, and other healthcare professionals to achieve the health-related goals of the patient
        • Develop therapeutic relationships with patients using effective listening skills and candid feedback
        • Educate patients and their families about  the pre- and post-operative care of  the surgical patient
        • Gather essential information from patients; document encounters accurately and completely
        • Manage the patient’s confidential information and medical records according to HIPAA standards
        • Communicate effective treatment plans with patients.
        • Develop the ability to negotiate and manage conflict with patients and their families
        • Apply grief counseling methods in calming the grieving relative.
        • Customize emotionally difficult information when participating in end-of-life discussions.
        • Negotiate and manage conflict among patients and their families.

    Practice Domain:   Care For Diseases and Conditions

    INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS (ICS2)

    GOAL:  The resident will demonstrate interpersonal and communication skills that result in effective information exchange and teaming with all health care team members and professional associates.

    PGY 1 Residents: 

        • Write orders and progress reports in a timely and legible format
        • Willingly exchange patient information with team members.
        • Respond promptly and politely to requests for consults and care coordination activities.
        • Perform face-to-face handoffs.

    PGY 2 Residents: 

        • Respond promptly and considerately to requests of other physicians/healthcare personnel
        • Write orders and progress notes in a timely and legible format
        • Acknowledge the contributions of other team members
        • Interact with peers regarding operative cases and provide feedback about the scientific literature at the Basic Science Reading program
        • Exhibit behaviors that invite information sharing with healthcare team members (respect, approachability, active listening).
        • Perform face-to-face handoffs using best practices (multiple forms of information transfer, confirm receipt of information, invite questions).

    Practice Domain:   Care For Diseases and Conditions

    INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS (ICS2) (cont.)

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Demonstrate  professional competence in working as a team member
        • Interact, present information, and teach other members of the healthcare team
        • Write orders and progress notes in a timely and legible format
        • Interact with peers about operative cases and provide feedback about the scientific literature at the Critical Care Reading program
        • Perform face-to-face handoffs using best practices (multiple forms of information transfer, confirm receipt of information, invite questions).
        • Exhibit behaviors that invite information sharing with healthcare team members (respect, approachability, active listening).
        • Deliver timely, complete, and well-organized information to referring physicians and to providers of follow-up care at the time of patient care transitions.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Interact as a lead member of the healthcare team
        • Write orders and progress notes in a timely and legible format
        • Deliver timely, complete, and well-organized information to referring physicians and to providers of follow-up care at the time of patient care transitions.
        • Discuss care plan with members of the healthcare team and keep them up-to-date on patient status and care plan changes.
        • Conduct  case presentations at conferences and demonstrate clinical perspective
        • Begin to assume overall leadership of a health care team responsible for his/her patients.

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Interact as a lead member of the healthcare team
        • Write orders and progress notes in a timely and legible format
        • Conduct  presentations at conferences and demonstrate clinical perspective
        • Deliver timely, complete, and well-organized information to referring physicians and to providers of follow-up care at the time of patient care transitions.
        • Discuss care plan with members of the healthcare team and keep them up-to-date on patient status and care plan changes.
        • Assume overall leadership of a health care team responsible for his/her patients, while also seeking and valuing input from the members of the team.
        • Negotiate and manage conflict among care providers.
        • Take responsibility for ensuring that clear hand-offs are given at transitions of care.

    Practice Domain:   Care For Diseases and Conditions

    INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS (ICS3)

    GOAL:  The resident will demonstrate interpersonal and communication skills that result in effective information exchange and teaming with patients, hospital staff and the senior surgeon in the operating room.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Respond promptly and considerately to requests of other physicians/healthcare personnel in the operating room.
        • Exhibit behavior that invites information sharing with operating room team members (respect, approachability, active listening).
        • Display a friendly disposition that is conducive to successful interaction with patients, hospital staff and the senior surgeon in the operating room.
        • Communicate basic facts effectively with patients, hospital staff members and the senior surgeon in the operating room.
        • Demonstrate an understanding of the necessary elements of informed consent for procedures.

    Practice Domain:   Care For Diseases and Conditions

    INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS (ICS3) (cont.)

    PGY 2 Residents: 

        • Respond promptly and considerately to requests of other physicians/healthcare personnel in the operating room.
        • Exhibit behavior that invites information sharing with operating room team members (respect, approachability, active listening).
        • Display a friendly disposition that is conducive to successful interaction with patients, hospital staff and the senior surgeon in the operating room.
        • Demonstrate the ability to perform clear informed consent discussions for some of the “ESSENTIAL” operations.
        • Begin to develop the ability to lead a pre-operative “time out”.
        • Effectively describe various aspects of the procedure and peri-operative care to the patient and his or her family and other operating room team members.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Respond promptly and considerately to requests of other physicians/healthcare personnel in the operating room.
        • Exhibit behavior that invites information sharing with operating room team members (respect, approachability, active listening).
        • Display a friendly disposition that is conducive to successful interaction with patients, hospital staff and the senior surgeon in the operating room.
        • Demonstrate the ability to perform clear informed consent discussions for the “ESSENTIAL” operations and some of the “COMPLEX” operations.
        • Demonstrate the ability to lead a pre-operative “time out”.
        • Effectively describe various aspects of the procedure and peri-operative care to the patient and his or her family and other operating room team members.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Respond promptly and considerately to requests of other physicians/healthcare personnel in the operating room.
        • Exhibit behavior that invites information sharing with operating room team members (respect, approachability, active listening).
        • Display a friendly disposition that is conducive to successful interaction with patients, hospital staff and the senior surgeon in the operating room.
        • Demonstrate the ability to perform clear informed consent discussions for “ESSENTIAL” and “COMPLEX” operations.
        • Anticipate logistical issues regarding “ESSENTIAL” procedures and engage appropriate members of the operating team to solve problems.
        • Effectively describe various aspects of the procedure and peri-operative care to the patient and his or her family and other operating room team members.
        • Demonstrate the ability to lead a “time out”

    PGY 5 Residents: 

        • Respond promptly and considerately to requests of other physicians/healthcare personnel in the operating room.
        • Exhibit behavior that invites information sharing with operating room team members (respect, approachability, active listening).
        • Display a friendly disposition that is conducive to successful interaction with patients, hospital staff and the senior surgeon in the operating room.
        • Demonstrate the ability to lead a “time out”
        • Demonstrate leadership when unexpected events occur in the operating room.
        • Communicate effectively with family when unexpected events occur in the operating room.

    Practice Domain:  Care for Diseases and Conditions

    PROFESSIONALISM (PROF1)

    GOAL:   The resident will demonstrate a commitment to professional responsibilities, adherence to organizational and ethical principles, and sensitivity to a diverse patient population.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Understand and use the chain of command on the resident service
        • Respond and answer pages promptly
        • Be respectful and responsive to the needs of patients
        • Demonstrate a commitment to ethical principles, maintain confidentiality of patient information, informed consent, and other business practices
        • Demonstrate commitment to continuity of patient care

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Be respectful and responsive to the needs of patients
        • Demonstrate ethical principles, maintain confidentiality of patient information, informed consent, and other business practices
        • Know the chain of command on the resident service
        • Respond and answer pages promptly
        • Display tolerance to another’s opinion
        • Accept responsibility for one’s own actions
        • Complete operative case logs and medical reports in a timely manner
        • Demonstrate commitment to continuity of patient care

    PGY 3 Residents: 

        • Demonstrate a high standard of personal conduct, be respectful and responsive to the needs of patients
        • Demonstrate ethical principles, maintain confidentiality of patient information, informed consent, and other business practices
        • Respond and answer pages promptly
        • Display tolerance to another’s opinion
        • Accept responsibility for one’s own actions
        • Complete operative case logs and medical reports in a timely manner
        • Demonstrate commitment to continuity of patient care

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Demonstrate a high standard of personal conduct, be respectful and responsive to the needs of patients
        • Demonstrate ethical principles, maintain confidentiality of patient information, informed consent, and other business practices
        • Coordinate and manage a resident service so as to lead and guide more junior residents
        • Respond and answer pages promptly
        • Display tolerance to another’s opinion
        • Accept responsibility for one’s own actions
        • Complete operative case logs and medical reports in a timely manner
        • Conduct case presentations at conferences to demonstrate professional leadership skills, medical knowledge, and clinical perspective
        • Demonstrate commitment to continuity of patient care

    Practice Domain:  Care for Diseases and Conditions

    PROFESSIONALISM (PROF1) (cont.)

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Demonstrate a high standard of personal conduct, be respectful and responsive to the needs of patients
        • Demonstrate ethical principles, maintain confidentiality of patient information, informed consent, and other business practices
        • Display proficiency in managing a major resident service with greater independence
        • Demonstrate accountability for all actions and outcomes on the service with appropriate supervision and consultation by attending physicians
        • Respond and answer pages promptly
        • Display tolerance to another’s opinion
        • Accept responsibility for one’s own actions
        • Complete operative case logs and medical reports in a timely manner
        • Conduct case presentations at conferences to demonstrate professional leadership skills, medical knowledge, and clinical perspective
        • Demonstrate commitment to continuity of patient care
        • Demonstrate high standards of ethical behavior

    Practice Domain:  Care for Diseases and Conditions

    PROFESSIONALISM (PROF2)

    GOAL:   The resident will demonstrate a commitment to manage his/her personal, physical and emotional health and create a healthy environment for colleagues and other members of the healthcare team.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Apply time management principles as necessary to be accountable to patients, and other healthcare professionals
        • Comply with duty hour standards
        • Understand the principles of physician wellness and fatigue mitigation.
        • Understand the institutional resources available to manage personal, physical and emotional health (e.g., acute and chronic disease, substance abuse and mental health problems).
        • Demonstrate appropriate dress and decorum while on duty.

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Apply time management principles as necessary to be accountable to patients, and other healthcare professionals
        • Monitor personal health and wellness and appropriately mitigate stress and/or fatigue.
        • Comply with duty hour standards.
        • Demonstrate appropriate dress and decorum while on duty.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Apply time management principles as necessary to be accountable to patients, and other healthcare professionals
        • Monitor personal health and wellness and appropriately mitigate stress and/or fatigue.
        • Comply with duty hour standards.
        • Demonstrate appropriate dress and decorum while on duty.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Apply time management principles as necessary to be accountable to patients, and other healthcare professionals
        • Comply with duty hour standards
        • Promote healthy habits and create an emotionally healthy environment for all members of the healthcare team.
        • Demonstrate appropriate dress and decorum while on duty.

    Practice Domain:  Care for Diseases and Conditions

    PROFESSIONALISM (PROF2) (cont.)

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Apply time management principles as necessary to be accountable to patients, and other healthcare professionals
        • Demonstrate appropriate dress and decorum while on duty.
        • Promote healthy habits and create an emotionally healthy environment for all members of the healthcare team.
        • Recognize and appropriately address personal health issues in other members of the healthcare team.
        • Be proactive in modifying schedules or intervening in other ways to assure that caregivers under his/her supervision maintain personal wellness and do not compromise patient safety.

    Practice Domain:  Care for Diseases and Conditions

    PROFESSIONALISM (PROF3)

    GOAL:   The resident will demonstrate a commitment to complete operative case logs, duty hour logs, and other assigned and required administrative tasks in a timely fashion.

    PGY 1-5 Residents:

        • Complete operative case logs, duty hour logs, medical reports and other required administrative tasks in a timely fashion.
        • Be prompt in attending conferences, meetings, operations and other activities.
        • Respond quickly to requests from faculty members and departmental staff members.
        • Ensure appropriate documentation requests from GME are handled efficiently and in a timely fashion.

    PGY 4-5 Residents:

        • Assure that others under his or her supervision respond appropriately to responsibilities in a timely fashion.
        • Set an example for conference attendance, promptness and attention to assigned tasks.

    Practice Domain:  Teaching

    PRACTICE BASED LEARNING AND IMPROVEMENT (PBLI1)

    GOAL:  The resident will demonstrate a willingness to impart educational information clearly and effectively to medical students and other members of the healthcare team.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Attend and actively participate in the Resident Competency Program Session on  Personal Awareness / Self Care and Effective Teamwork
        • Teach and be a role model for medical students and other members of the healthcare team.
        • Use media in presentations appropriately and effectively.

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Teach and be a role model for medical students, residents and other members of the healthcare team.
        • Teach patients, their families, and other health professionals.
        • Communicate educational material accurately and effectively at the appropriate level for learner understanding.
        • Accurately and succinctly present cases in conferences.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Demonstrate proficiency at teaching and being a role model for medical students and other residents.
        • Teach patients, their families, and other health professionals
        • Communicate educational material accurately and effectively at the appropriate level for learner understanding.
        • Accurately and succinctly present cases in conferences.

    Practice Domain:  Teaching

    PRACTICE BASED LEARNING AND IMPROVEMENT (PBLI1) (cont.)

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Be highly proficient at teaching junior residents and medical students
        • Demonstrate leadership and practice management by organizing and running a resident service
        • Teach patients, their families, and other health professionals
        • Demonstrate an effective teaching style when asked to be responsible for a conference or formal presentation.
        • Develop the ability to recognize teachable moments and readily and respectfully engage the learner.

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Be highly proficient at teaching junior residents and medical students
        • Demonstrate leadership and management skills by coordinating and running a major resident service with greater independence ; be accountable for all actions on the service with consultation and supervision by attending physicians
        • Teach patients, their families, and other health professionals
        • Recognize teachable moments and readily and respectfully engage the learner.
        • Be a highly effective teacher with an interactive educational style and engage in constructive educational dialogue.
        • Facilitate conferences and case discussions based on assimilation of evidence from the literature.

    Practice Domain:  Self-Directed Learning

    PRACTICE BASED LEARNING AND IMPROVEMENT (PBLI2)

    GOAL:  The resident will engage in self-initiated, self-directed learning activities using multiple sources.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Perform appropriate learning activities, while setting learning and improvement goals based on faculty evaluations
        • Assess annual ABSITE scores to develop an individual study plan as necessary
        • Participate in assigned skills, curriculum activities and simulation experiences to build surgical skills.

    PGY 2 Residents: 

        • Perform appropriate learning activities, while setting learning and improvement goals based on faculty evaluations
        • Assess annual ABSITE scores to develop an individual study plan as necessary
        • Independently read the literature and use sources to answer questions related to patient care (e.g. SCORE modules, peer-reviewed publications, practice guidelines, textbooks, library databases, etc.)
        • Identify gaps in personal technical skills and work with faculty to develop a skills learning plan.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Perform appropriate learning activities, while setting learning and improvement goals based on faculty evaluations
        • Assess annual ABSITE scores to develop an individual study plan as necessary
        • Attend and actively participate in the Critical Care Reading program
        • Independently read the literature and use sources to answer questions related to patient care (e.g. SCORE modules, peer-reviewed publications, practice guidelines, textbooks, library databases, etc.)
        • Identify gaps in personal technical skills and work with faculty to develop a skills learning plan.
        • Independently practice surgical skills in a simulation environment to enhance technical abilities.

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Review annual ABSITE scores and develop individual study plan as necessary
        • Seek opportunities to identify trends and patterns in the care of patients and use sources to understand such patterns.
        • Select appropriate evidence-based information tools to answer specific questions while providing care
        • Independently practice surgical skills in a simulation environment to enhance technical abilities.

    Practice Domain:  Self-Directed Learning

    PRACTICE BASED LEARNING AND IMPROVEMENT (PBLI2) (cont.)

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Understand one’s own clinical limitations and limitations of surgery in general
        • Assess annual ABSITE scores and develop an individual study plan as necessary
        • Participate in local, regional and national activities, optional conferences, and/or self-assessment programs.
        • Demonstrate use of a system or process for keeping up with changes in the literature and initiate assignments for other learners.
        • Lead surgical skills experiences for students and residents and participate in skills curriculum development.

    Practice Domain:  Improvement of Care

    PRACTICE BASED LEARNING AND IMPROVEMENT (PBLI3)

    GOAL:  The resident will evaluate his/her own surgical results and the quality and efficacy of care of patients through appraisal and assimilation of scientific evidence.  The resident will also demonstrate the ability to learn from the results of his/her own practice.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Analyze, critique, and review surgical literature in order to use an evidence-based approach to patient care
        • Use information technology to access medical literature and select treatment strategies
        • Use computer technology, simulations, and other multimedia resources to increase medical knowledge and operative skills
        • Attend and actively participate in Morbidity and Mortality conferences, and other rotation- specific sessions to evaluate patient care outcomes.
        • Adjust patient care behaviors in response to feedback from supervisors.
        • Recognize when and how errors or adverse events affect the care of patients.

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Analyze, critique, and review surgical literature in order to use an evidence-based approach to patient care
        • Use information technology to access medical literature and select treatment strategies
        • Use computer technology, simulations, and other multimedia resources to increase medical knowledge and operative skills
        • Attend and actively participate in Morbidity and Mortality conferences, and other rotation specific sessions to evaluate patient care outcomes.
        • Use relevant literature to support discussions and conclusions at M&M and/or other QI conferences.
        • Perform basic steps in a QI project (e.g., generate a hypothesis, conduct a cause-effect analysis, create method for study).
        • Understand how to modify practice to avoid errors.

    PGY 3 Residents:

        • Analyze, critique and review surgical literature in order to use an evidence-based approach to patient care
        • Use information technology to access medical literature and select treatment strategies
        • Use computer technology, simulations, and other multimedia resources to increase medical knowledge and operative skills
        • Attend and actively participate in Morbidity and Mortality conferences, and other rotation specific sessions to evaluate patient care outcomes.
        • Use relevant literature to support discussions and conclusions at M&M and/or other QI conferences.
        • Perform basic steps in a QI project (e.g., generate a hypothesis, conduct a cause-effect analysis, create method for study).
        • Understand how to modify practice to avoid errors.
        • Begin to develop the ability to identify probably causes for complications and deaths at M&M and/or other QI conferences with appropriate strategies for improving care.

    Practice Domain:  Improvement of Care

    PRACTICE BASED LEARNING AND IMPROVEMENT (PBLI3) (cont.)

    PGY 4 Residents:

        • Use information technology to access medical literature and select treatment strategies
        • Use computer technology, simulations and other multimedia resources to increase medical knowledge and operative skills
        • Conduct case presentations at conferences to demonstrate evidence of clinical perspective and medical knowledge (Mortality and Morbidity Conference, etc.)
        • Participate in clinical research
        • Evaluate surgical results and medical care outcomes in a systematic way and identify areas for improvement.
        • Identify probably causes for complications and deaths at M&M and/or other QI conferences with appropriate strategies for improving care.
        • Begin to recognize patterns in the care of patients and look for opportunities to systematically reduce errors and adverse events.

    PGY 5 Residents:

        • Use information technology to access medical literature and select treatment strategies
        • Use computer technology, simulations and other multimedia resources to increase medical knowledge and operative skills
        • Present cases at conferences to demonstrate evidence of clinical perspective and medical knowledge (Re: Mortality and Morbidity Conference)
        • Engage in clinical research
        • Exhibit ongoing self-evaluation and improvement that includes reflection on practice, tracking and analyzing patient outcomes, integrating evidenced-based practice guidelines, and identifying opportunities to make practice improvements.
        • Demonstrate or discuss the application of M&M and/or QI conference conclusions to his/her own patient care.
        • Lead a QI activity relevant to patient care outcomes.

    Practice Domain:  Coordination of Care

    SYSTEMS-BASED PRACTICE (SBP1)

    GOAL:  The resident will demonstrate the ability to efficiently arrange disposition planning for patients and understands the necessary resources to provide optimal coordination of care.

    PGY 1 Residents:

        • Consult with other members of the healthcare team to provide cost-efficient healthcare for patients
        • Apply cost-effective care in ordering tests and planning interventions
        • Provide consultations for other services
        • Coordinate patient care within the healthcare system and understand the role of different healthcare professionals in overall patient management
        • Demonstrate a basic understanding of the resources available for coordinating patient care (social workers, visiting nurses, and physical and occupational therapists).

    PGY 2 Residents:

        • Consult with other members of the healthcare team to provide cost-efficient healthcare for patients
        • Apply cost-effective care in ordering tests and planning interventions
        • Provide consultations for other services
        • Describe the therapeutic support systems necessary to achieve optimal chance of recovery for the patient
        • Practice overall patient management both in and out of the operating room
        • Coordinate patient care within the healthcare system and understand the role of different healthcare professionals in overall patient management.
        • Know the necessary resources to provide optimal coordination of care and how to access them, including home TPN or home antibiotic infusion.

    Practice Domain:  Coordination of Care

    SYSTEMS-BASED PRACTICE (SBP1) (cont.)

    PGY 3 – 5 Residents:

        • Apply efficient and informative consultations for other services
        • Consult with other members of the healthcare team to provide cost-efficient healthcare for patients
        • Apply cost-effective care when ordering tests and planning interventions
        • Describe the therapeutic support systems necessary to achieve optimal chance of recovery for patients
        • Practice overall patient management both in and out of the operating room
        • Coordinate patient care within the healthcare system and understand the role of different healthcare professionals in overall patient management
        • Demonstrate the ability to efficiently arrange disposition planning for patients and takes responsibility for preparing all materials necessary for patient discharge or transfer.
        • Coordinate the activities of residents, nurses, social workers, and other healthcare professionals to provide optimal care to the patient at the time of discharge or transfer.
        • Coordinate post-discharge ambulatory care that is appropriate for the patient’s particular needs.
        • Demonstrate good patient advocacy skills

    Practice Domain:  Improvement of Care

    SYSTEMS-BASED PRACTICE (SBP2)

    GOAL:  The resident understands how patient care is provided within the system and recognizes system failures that can affect patient care.

    PGY 1-2 Residents:

        • Follow protocols and guidelines for patient care.
        • Recognize and understand how different health insurance companies affect the treatment plan for patients.
        • Appropriately order tests in order to provide cost-efficient care for patients.
        • Develop an understanding of how health systems operate.
        • Understand system factors that contribute to medical errors and may create variations in patient care.

    PGY 3-5 Residents:

      • Follow protocols and guidelines for patient care.
      • Recognize and understand how different health insurance companies affect the treatment plan for patients.
      • Appropriately order tests in order to provide cost-efficient care for patients.
      • Understand system factors that contribute to medical errors and may create variations in patient care.
      • Make suggestions for changes in the health care system that may improve patient care.
      • Report problems with technology or processes that could produce medical errors.
      • Participate in work groups or performance improvement teams designed to reduce errors and improve health outcomes.
      • Understand the appropriate use of standardized approaches to care and participates in creating such protocols of care.

Program Coordinator – Dana Cooley
6C, University Health Center
4201 St. Antoine
Detroit, MI 48201
Phone: (313) 577-5009
Email: dcoole@med.wayne.edu